White Oak Tree

Oak Hill Dental Practice

101 Oak Hill, Woodford Green IG8 9PF

Telephone 020 8531 7976

Gum Disease

Gum disease describes swelling, soreness or infection of the tissues supporting the teeth. There are two main forms of gum disease: gingivitis and periodontal disease. It is caused by plaque forming on the teeth and gums and not being sufficiently removed by cleaning and floss.

Q. What is gum disease?

Gum disease describes swelling, soreness or infection of the tissues supporting the teeth. There are two main forms of gum disease: gingivitis and periodontal disease. It is caused by plaque forming on the teeth and gums and not being sufficiently removed by cleaning and flossing.

Gingivitis means inflammation of the gums. The gums around the teeth become very red and swollen. Often, they can bleed when they are brushed during cleaning.

Periodontal disease can result from long-standing gingivitis. It affects the tissues supporting the teeth, as the disease gets worse, the bone anchoring the teeth in the jaw is lost, making the teeth loose. If this is not treated, the teeth may eventually fall out.

Smoking can also lead to gum disease. Smoking increases the production of bacterial plaque, which in turn leads to gum disease. The gums are affected because smoking causes a lack of oxygen in the bloodstream, so the infected gums fail to heal.

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